SICILIAN NESPOLE (SALE BY WEIGHT) Medlars are among the first fruits that spring gives us. Their ripening, depending on the area of Italy, takes place between March and June. Their spread in Europe began towards the end of the eighteenth century, starting from the East, where medlars were widely used in food, especially in China and Japan. The fruit now most commonly marketed as medlar arises from the Japanese medlar, a medium-sized evergreen tree, easily adapted to the European climate. Medlars are light yellowish, yellow or orange fruits, which can ripen in spring or early summer.